Guided Reading and Writing with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children
Guided Reading and Writing is an approach to word and language study where, under the guidance of a teacher, small groups of students read books that are just a little harder than those they can read on their own. The teacher assists the students in developing fluency, confidence, and insights into themes, styles, divergent opinions, and various forms of literature.
“Guided reading and writing occur when the teacher guides students in discussing and exploring the reading process so that students can develop literacy skills, and later apply what they learn when they read and write independently….most of the time the teacher's role is to invoke students' responses based on their own thoughts and opinions about the reading process.” - Stephanie Malik, Teacher
The Role of the Educator Is:
- to work with small groups of students at their instructional level;
- to observe, coach, prompt, and evaluate the students’ reading processes;
- to model strategies and provide practice on solving comprehension breakdowns;
- to use activities such as word walls to promote students’ word recognition and spelling; and
- to document and adjust groups throughout the year.
What Observers Will See:
- small groups of students working with an adult;
- educators regularly evaluating student performance;
- students using a variety of ways to comprehend texts, such as visualizing, clarifying, feeling, summarizing, predicting, questioning, and reflecting;
- educators asking questions that allow for varied students responses and interpretations; and
- a print-rich environment.
HOW IT WORKS:
Guided Reading Stages:
Guided reading and writing develops a process of predicting, sampling, and then confirming or correcting. Various reading strategies are taught explicitly to students.
- Elicit prior knowledge
- Build background
- Introduce the book
- Picture walk through the book
- Educator reinforces reading strategies
- Students read to practice reading strategies
- Reflect on reading strategies
- Build comprehension
a. discuss the story
- Extend the reading
a. respond through writing
b. respond through visual learning
- Read independently
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